Dryness of the body could involve various parts including the skin, hair, eyes and the mouth. The cold air during winter is a major trigger factor for the dryness of the body. The physiological changes that occur in an individual’s body as ones age incresases, also increase the chances of dryness. It is because the ageing body becomes more vulnerable to the winter and cold weather harsh conditions.
Skin dryness is usually manifested by roughness, flakiness, or scaly and it may also end up being scaly. Causes of dry skin may include ageing, at an old age one stops producing sufficient amounts of the natural oil important in keeping the moisturized. Dry indoor air can also result in dryness of the skin. An environment having low humidity due to extreme central heating is another risk factor towards having a dry skin. Dryness of skin can also result from frequent baths especially by use of hot water.
• Regulate the number of baths you take in a day. It is most advisable not use hot water. If one must use hot water for bathing, they are advised to consider using lukewarm water. The reason for avoidance of hot water is that it scrapes off the skins natural oil responsible for keeping the moisturized. The result could be skin itchiness and dryness due to dehydration.
• After bathing or shower, the body should be pat dry, the moisturizers such as Eucerin should be applied.
• One should also consider using moisturizer routinely throughout the day, and also before going to bed. The moisturizers are the oil-based creams. The oil-based creams help absorb moisture into the skin and retain it for long. Warming of the containing the oil-based cream in warm water could help boost its potency.
• When one is outside on a hot sunny day, they should apply sunscreen to protect the skin from the sun.
• Application of semi-solid preparations such as lipsticks or lip balm protects the lips from losing moisture.
Dry hair is one with less moisture. Dry hair lacks the normal hair shine and texture. It is medically stated that a person with a dry skin condition could result in hair dryness. It is explained by hair follicles that are connected to the sebaceous gland responsible for discharging oil to the hair shaft. Other factors that could lead to dry hair include over usage of dryers, swimming in chlorinated water and sunbathing.
• Scientists explain that the hair should be kept moisturized. It is because low humidity together with low temperatures may result into clinging of the hair. The production of natural oil at the scalp may also be compromised.
• Keeping the hair healthy is also another remedy for keeping the hair from drying. Regulated use of shampoos is one way of ensuring this. The recommended frequency of shampoo usage is every two or three days.
• Before dry hair is washed, it is advisable to coat it with a deep conditioner containing active ingredients such as lavender or rosemary oils. The penetration of the deep conditioner into the scalp could be boosted by putting on a shower cap then wrapping in a warm towel. It should be done twice a week for dry hair having a coarse texture. Finally, one should apply a shampoo containing a moisturized formulation, followed by a leave-in conditioner with actives such as ceramides.
Tears are important constituents in the eyes. It helps keep the eye moisturized and comfortable. Tear production could be affected by factors such as strong blowing winds and environments having a cold weather. It is explained medically; women are prone to diminish of tear production after menopause due to hormonal changes.
• Prevention of eye dryness involve remedies such as minimising tears evaporation by boosting humidity in the environment you are staying.
• Artificial tears could also be used to replenish tear supply.
• Diet rich in omega-three fatty acids such as fatty fish and almond could decrease the level of dryness.